Tourism and Culture
Colombian paradise not only represents a magnificent store of diverse food, providing alimentary security and becoming a solid food producer. Colombian privileged and diverse climate conditions have also allowed all distinct regions to open up a wide range of options for tourists coming into the country.
For all the nature tourism lovers, Colombia offers the most beautiful landscapes in every thermal floor. 11% of the national territory is protected within the Natural Parks System, and up to 31 of those reserves have open doors to all tourists, who desire to do trekking, or flora and fauna watching.
Biodiversity is one of the main attractions of the country. Bird watching has become one of the most remarkable possible activities, allowing the tourists to enjoy more than 1.900 diverse species, making Colombia the country with the greatest diversity of birds; close to 75 of those bird species are endemic. Out of the116 recognized IBA areas (Important Bird Area), the one in Santa Marta’s Snowy Peak truly stands out, since it gathers 635 different species in less than 2% of the total national territory.
Another favorite destination for nature lovers is the Colombian Amazon Rainforest. Almost 40% of the Colombian territory is compounded of the exuberant Amazon rainforest, which is part of the biggest rainforest complex of the world, and it is considered to be the main balance factor for world carbon emissions. The fraction belonging to the country is calculated to host 869 bird species, 140 amphibians, 85 mammals, 147 reptiles and more than 6.800 plants varieties, all of that without taking into account the hundreds of thousands yet-to-catalogue insects.
However, the perfect trip for a nature lover would not be complete without the whale watching at the Pacific Ocean. Between July and November, close to 3.000 humpback whales travel more than 8.000 kilometers from Antarctica to mate and give birth. From the Colombian Pacific coast or other natural sanctuaries, such as Gorgona, tourists will be able to keep close to those 40 tons giants while they arrive to warm waters.
Cultural and historical tourism have become a great Colombian attraction as well. The country comprises 6 cultural destinations and 2 World Heritage natural parks. Both natural reserves, such as Malpelo’s flora and fauna sanctuary and Los Katios National Park, and archaeological parks, such as Saint Agustin and Tierradentro, they all are part of this world-recognized list in terms of historical value and importance.
Furthermore, Colombia enjoys 8 different cultural expressions, all of them accepted as UNESCO’s immaterial Heritage. From the Barranquilla’s Carnival and the Whites and Blacks Carnival, to the music and cultural expressions of the Colombian Pacific region, and all the way to the millenary knowledge of Yurupari shamans, the national cultural richness is well recognized around the globe.
Those are just a few touristic treasures of the country, which turn Colombia into a paradise destination with a wide variety of options for every taste. The country makes almost any climate condition available for the tourist, 365 days per year, and gives the world more than 900 air routes in order to ensure that no one could miss the opportunity of living the Magical Realism of its lands. And all of this is always well seasoned with the characteristic warmth and happiness of the Colombian people, who always welcome with its open arms to every visitor from the world.